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Food Equivalents and Substitutions

A B C

Allspice 1 t = 1/2 t Cinnamon + 1/8 t Cloves
Almonds 1 lb Unshelled = 3/4-1 c Meats; 1 lb Shelled = 3 1/2 c Meats; 4 oz Slivered = 2 3/4 c; 1 oz Blanched Chopped = 1/3 c
Anchovies 1 Fillet = 1/2 t Paste
Anise 1 t = 1 t Cardamom
Apples 3 med = 1 lb = 3 c Sliced = 1 1/6 c Sauce = 3/4 c Dried Slices; 3 1/2 - 4 lb = 1 lb Dried = 4-5 c Dried
Applesauce 24 oz = 2 2/3 c = 11"x17" Dried
Apricots 12 = 1 lb = 2/3 c Dried; 1 lb Dried = 3 c Dried
Asparagus 20 lrg Stalks = 1 lb
Avocados 1 med = 8 oz = 1 c Mashed
Baking Powder 1 t = 1/2 t Cream of Tartar + 1/4 t Baking Soda = 1/2 c Buttermilk + 1/4 t Baking Soda = 2 T Cream of Tartar + 1 T Baking Soda + 1 T Cornstarch
Bamboo Shoots 6 oz Drained Sliced = 1 c
Bananas 3 med = 1 lb = 2 1/2 c Sliced = 2 c Mashed = 1 c Dried Slices
Barley, Pearl 1 lb = 2 c
Beans, Black, Instant 1 lb = 4 3/4 c
Beans, Dry 1 lb = 2 c = 4-6 c Cooked = 2-3 c Dehydrated
Beans, Green 1 lb = 3 1/4 c = 1 c Dried
Beans, Refried, Instant 1 lb = 3 1/2 c
Bell Peppers 2 lrg = 1 lb = 2 2/3 c Diced = 1 c Dried
Berries 1 qt = 3 1/2 c
Bouquet Garni 1 Bay Leaf + 1-2 Sprigs each Thyme, Parsley & Celery Leaves; or 1/4-1/2 t each Thyme & Celery Seeds + 1 Bay Leaf; or 1 T Dried Parsley + 1/2 T each Thyme & Majoram + 1 Bay Leaf + 1 T Dry Celery
Bread Crumbs 2 oz Soft = ~1 c Lightly Packed; 2 oz Dry = ~3/4 c; 3/4 c Soft = 1/3 c Dry = 1 Slice
Broccoli 1 Stalk = 6 oz = 2 c Florets
Bulghur 1 lb = 2 2/3 c
Butter 4 Sticks = 1 lb = 2 c; 1/2 oz = 1 T
Butter-flavored Granules 3/4 t = 1 T Lightly Salted Butter
Cabbage 1 sm = 1 1/2 lb = 9 c Packed Grated = 1 c Dried
Cardamom 1 t = 1 t Anise
Carrots 5 1/3-6 1/2 med = 1 lb = 3 1/2-4 c Sliced or Diced = 1 c Dried
Cashews 6 oz Whole Shelled = 1 c; 1 lb Shelled = 3 1/4 c
Catsup 1 c = 8 oz Tomato Sauce + 1/4 c Granulated Sugar + 1 T White Vinegar
Cauliflower 1 med = 1 lb = 2 1/2 c Florets
Celery 1 bunch = 1 lb = 1 c Dried; 3 lrg Stalks = 8 oz = 1 1/2 c Sliced = 1 c Diced
Celery Seed 1 t = 2 T Celery Leaves Chopped
Cheese 8 oz Cheddar = 2 c Grated Packed Lightly = 1 c Powder; 2 oz Bleu or Gorgonzola = 5 oz Feta = 4 oz Mozzarella = 3 oz Muenster = 3 oz Parmesan = 3 1/2 - 4 oz Swiss or Jarlsberg = 1 c Grated; 8 oz Cottage = 1c; 3 oz Cream = 6 T
Cherries 1 lb Pitted = 3 1/4 oz Dried = 1 c Dried
Chesnuts 1 1/2 lb Unshelled = 1 lb Shelled
Chicken 3 1/2 Drawn = 2 c Cooked Diced
Chile, Red 1"-2" Dried = 1/2-1 t Flakes
Chili Powder 1/4 c = 1 t Cayenne + 1 1/2 t Cumin + 1/8 t Cloves + 1/8 t Allspice + 2 T Oregano + 1 T Paprika + 2 t Garlic Powder
Chocolate 1 2/3 oz Semi-sweet = 1 oz Unsweetened + 4 t Sugar; 1 sq Unsweetened = 1 oz = 4 T Grated = 3 T Cocoa + 1 T Fat
Chocolate Chips 1 lb = 2 1/2 c
Cinnamon Sugar 1 c = 1 c Granulated Sugar + 4 t Cinnamon
Cocoa 1 lb = 4 c
Coconut 2 2/3 oz Sweetened Dried Flakes = 2 1/3 oz Unsweetened Dried Flakes = 1 c; 1 1/2 T Fresh Chopped = 1 T Unsweetened Dried; 1 lb Unsweetened = 5-6 c Shredded
Coconut Powder 50 g = Cream of 1 Coconut
Coffee 1 lb Ground = 1 c = 4 1/3 c Beans; 2 T Ground + 3/4 c Water = Brewed med; 3 T Ground + 3/4 c Water = Brewed Strong
Corn 6 ears = 1 c Dried; 4 3/8 oz Kernels = 1 c
Corn Syrup 1 c = 1 c Granulated Sugar + 1/4 c Liquid
Cornmeal 1/3 lb = 1 c = 4 c Cooked
Cornstarch 1 T = 2 T Flour = 4 t Quick-cooking Tapioca; 4 1/2 oz = 1 c
Couscous 1 lb = 2 2/3 c
Crab 7 3/8 oz Cooked Shredded = 1 c
Crab Boil (For 5 lb Crab) <= 4 T Salt + 2 t Mustard Seeds + 1 t Dill Seeds + 12 Allspice + 2 blades Mace + 4 Cloves + 2 Bay Leaves + 2 Crushed Red Chilies
Cranberries 1 lb = 4 c
Cream of Wheat 1 lb = 3 c
Cream, Sour 1 c = ~1 c Sweet Cream + 1 T Lemon Juice or Vinegar = 1/3 c Butter + 3/4 c Sour Milk = 1 T Lemon Juice + 1/3 c Buttermilk + 1 c Smooth Cottage Cheese = 1 c Cottage Cheese + 2 t Milk + 1 t Lemon Juice
Cream, Whipping 1 c = 2-2 1/4 c Whipped = 1/3 c Butter + 3/4 c Milk
Cucumbers 2 med = 1 lb
Currants 1 lb Dried = 3 c Dried
Curry Powder 1 1/2 c = 5 T Black Peppercorns + 1/2 c each Tumeric & Coriander Seeds + 2 T each Cumin Seeds & Cardamom Seeds + 1 T each Whole Cloves , Mace & Fenugreek Seeds + 1 1/2 t Ginger + 1/2 t Cayenne

D E F

Dates 1 lb = 2 1/4 c Whole = 2 c Pitted = 1 3/4 c Chopped = 1 1/2 c Minced
Egg 4 lrg = 6 med = 7 small = ~1 c; 9 lrg = 1 lb; 1 lrg = 2 T Powder + 2 T Water
Egg Whites 8 lrg = 10-11 med = 11-12 small = ~1 c
Egg, Yolks 12 lrg = 13-14 med = 15-16 small = ~1 c
Eggplants 1 med = 14 oz = 4 c Cubed = 1 c Dried
Épices Fines 3 parts White Peppercorns + 2 parts each Bay Leaves, Whole Cloves, Thyme, Mace & Nutmeg + 1 part each Cinnamon, Basil & Winter Savory
Figs 1 lb = 2 3/4 c Whole = 2 2/3 c Chopped = 2 1/2 c Minced
Fines Herbes 1 t = 1/4 t each Thyme, Oregano, Sage & Rosemary leaves; or 1 t Parsley + 1 t Chives + 1 t Tarragon + 1 t Chervil
Fish 6 1/3 oz Raw Fillets = 1 c
Five Spice 1 t = 1/4 t each ground Anise Seed, Cinnamon, Cloves & Ginger; or 1 Anise:1 Star anise:1 Clove:1 Cinnamon
Flour 1 lb = 4 1/2 c Graham = 4 c Unbleached Unsifted = 3 7/8 c Whole Wheat Unsifted; 1 oz Unbleached = 4 T

G H I

Garlic 1 med Clove = 1/8 t Powder
Gelatin 1/4 oz = 1 T
Ginger 1/2 t Fresh Grated = 1/4 t Powder
Grapes 1 lb = 2 3/4 c = 2/3 c Packed Dried
Herbs 1 T Minced = 1 t Dried
Honey 1 c = 1 1/4 c Granulated Sugar + 1/4 c Liquid; 1 lb = 1 1/2 c
Italian Herb Seasoning 1 t = 1/4 t each Thyme, Marjoram or Rosemary, Oregano & Basil

J K L

Kohlrabi 1 lb = 3/4 c Dried
Leeks 1 med = 3 oz = 3/4 c Diced = 1 c Dried
Lemon Pepper 6 T Black Pepper coarse ground + 2 T Salt + 1 T Lemon Zest Dried + 1 t Garlic Powder
Lemons 1 lrg = 5 3/4 oz = 4 T Juice; 1 med = 3 T Juice = 1 1/2 - 3 t Zest; 1 t Juice = 1/2 t Vinegar
Lentils 1 lb = 2 2/3 c = 5 c Cooked = 2 1/2 c Dried
Limes 1 = 1 1/2 - 2 T Juice

M N O

Macaroni ~8 oz = 2 c = 4 c Cooked
Marshmallows 64 reg = 1 lb = 4 c; 1 reg = 10 minature
Meat 1 lb = 2 c Minced
Milk 1 c = 1/2 c Evaporated + 1/2 c Water = 1 c Water + 1/2 t Butter; 1 c Whole = 1 c Skim + 2 1/4 t Cream
Milk, Butter or Sour Milk 1 c = 1 T White Vinegar or Lemon Juice + 1 c Milk; 3-4 T Powder = 1 c Fresh
Milk, Dry 1/3 c Nonfat + 1 c Water = 1/4 c Whole + 1 c Water = 1 c Fresh; 1 lb Nonfat = 3 1/2 c
Milk, Condensed, Sweetened 1 c Instant Nonfat Dry + 2/3 c Granulated Sugar + 1/3 c Boiling Water + 3 T Butter Melted
Molasses 1 lb = 1 1/2 c
Mushrooms, White 1 lb Fresh = 5 c Sliced = 12 oz Can, drained = 3 oz Dried = 1 3/4 c Dried
Mustard 1 t Dry = 2-3 t Prepared
Noodles, Egg ~2 1/2 oz = 1 c Broken = 1 c Cooked
Nuts 1 c Whole Shelled = 1 c less 1 T Coarsely Chopped = 7/8 c Minced
Oats 1 lb Meal = 2 2/3 c ; 1 lb Rolled = 4 3/4 c
Oil, Chile 1/4 t = 1/4 t Vegetable Oil + 1/8 t Cayenne
Oil, Sesame 1 T = 1 1/2 T Sesame Seeds toasted in 1/2 t Vegetable Oil
Onions, Yellow 1 med = 2 1/2-3 oz = 1/2 c Chopped = 2 T Dried = 1 t Powder = 3-4 Shallots
Oranges 1 med = 1/3 c Juice = 1-2 T Zest

P Q R

Parsley 1 Bunch = 4 oz = 3 1/2 c Chopped = 1/2 c Dried; 2 T Minced = 1 T Dried
Parsnip 1 lb = 3/4 c Dried
Peaches 4 = 1 lb = 1/2 c Dried; 1 lb Dried = 3 c Dried
Peanut Butter 1 lb = 1 2/3 c
Peanuts 1 lb Unshelled = 2 1/4 c Meats; 1 lb Shelled = 3 c Meats
Pears 3 = 1 lb = 1/2 c Dried
Peas, Green 3 1/4 lb Unshelled = 1 lb Shelled = 3 1/4 c Shelled = 2/3 c Dried; 1 lb = 2 1/2 c Dried
Peas, Snow 3 1/2 oz = 1 c
Peas, Split 1 lb = 2 c = 4 c Cooked
Pecans 1 lb Unshelled = 6 1/2 oz Meats = 2 1/4 c Meats; 1 lb Shelled = 4 c Meats
Plums 13 = 1 lb = 3/4 c Dried
Pomegranates 1 avg = 1/2 c Seeds
Potatoes 3 med = 1 lb = 3 1/2-4 c Sliced = 2 c Mashed = 3/4 c Dried
Potatoes, Mashed, Instant 1 lb = 6 c; 2 c Prepared = 1 lb Fresh
Poultry Seasoning 1 t = 1/2 t Ground Sage + 1/2 t Thyme + 1/2 t Rosemary
Prunes 46 = 1 lb = 2 1/3 c Whole Pitted
Pumpkin Pie Spice 2 t = 1 t Cinnamon + 1/2 t Ginger + 1/4 t Cloves + 1/4 t Nutmeg
Quatre Épices 4 T White Pepper + 1 T Nutmeg + 2 t Ginger + 3/4 t Cloves
Raisins 1 lb = 3 c Whole Unpacked = 2 c Packed = 2 3/4 c Chopped = 2 1/2 c Minced
Ras el Hanout 1 Whole Nutmeg + 12" Cinnamon Stick + 1 t White Pepper + 1/4 t Anise Seed + 6 Allspice + 4 Cardamom Pods + 2 Cloves + Pinch Dried Lavender + 1/2 t each Rose Water, Mace, Tumeric, Ginger, Paprika & Cayenne
Raspberries 1 oz Dried = 1 c Dried
Rhubarb 2 oz Dried = 1 c Dried
Rice 8 oz Long-Grain = 1 c = 3 c Cooked = 1 1/2 c Dried; 1 c Brown = 4 c Cooked; 1 lb Instant = 9 c; 1 lb Wild = 2 c

S T U V

Salt 12 oz = 1 c
Savory 1 t = 1/2 t Thyme + 1/2 t Sage
Seeds, Sesame 5 2/3 oz Roasted = 1 c
Seeds, Sunflower 5 oz Shelled = 1 c
Shallots 1 med = 1/2 oz = 1 T Minced
Shrimp 6 1/3 oz med Raw Shelled Deveined = 1+ c; 5 2/3 oz Cooked Bay = 1+ c
Spaghetti 4 oz = 1 1/4 c Broken = 2 c Cooked
Spice Parisienne 1 T Cinnamon + 1 t each Clove, Nutmeg & Ginger
Spinach 10 oz = 12 c Loosely Packed = 1 c Cooked
Sprouts 3/4 oz Alfalfa = 5 oz Mung Bean = 1 c
Squash, Summer 1 med = 10 oz = 2 c Diced = 1/3 c Dried
Squash, Winter 1 med = ~2 lb = 6 1/2 c Cubed = 2 c Cooked & Mashed = 1/2 c Dried
Sugar 1 lb = 2 1/4 c Brown Packed = 2 c Granulated = 3 1/2 - 4 c Powdered; 1 c Brown Sugar = 1 c Granulated Sugar + Molasses to taste; 1 c Granulated Sugar = 1/4 c Corn Syrup = 3/4 c Honey
Tapioca 1 1/2-2 T Quick-cooking = 4 T Soaked Pearl; 6 oz Pearl = 1 c
Tofu 12 oz = 2 c 1/4"-Cubes
Tomato Juice 1 c = 1/2 c Sauce + 1/2 c Water = 2 1/2 t Powder + 1/2 t Salt + Pinch Sugar + 1 c Water = 4 1/4"x5 1/2" Leather + 1 c Water
Tomato Paste 6 oz = ~2/3 c = 8 t Powder + 2/3 c Water
Tomato Sauce 2 c = 2/3 c Paste + 1/2 t Salt + Pinch Sugar + 1 c Water = 3 T + 1 t Powder + 1/2 t Salt + Pinch Sugar + 2 c Water = 8 1/2"x11" Leather + 2 c Water
Tomatoes 3 med = 12-16 oz = 3-3 1/2 c Chopped = 1 1/3 c Dried; 16 oz Can = 1 3/4 c w/ Juice = 7/8 c Drained = 2 1/2 c Chopped Fresh, simmered 10 min
Turnips 2 = 1 lb = 3/4 c Dried
Vinegar, Rice 1/2 c = 1/3 c White Vinegar + 3 T Water + Salt to taste
Vinegar, Rice, Seasoned 1/2 c = 1/3 c White Vinegar + 3 T each Water & Sugar + Salt to taste

W X Y Z

Walnuts 1 lb Unshelled = 1 2/3 c Meats; 1 lb Shelled = 4 c Meats
Water 8 1/3 lb = 1 gal
Wheat Bran 1 lb = 3 1/2 c
Wheat Germ 1 lb = 4 3/4 c
Yeast, Dry 1 pkg = 1 T
Zucchini 1 med = 10 oz = 2 c Diced = 1/2 c Dried


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DISCLAIMER

Page author: Dawn Rorvik (rorvikd@evergreen.edu)
Last modified: 10/08/2003